The spinach crop is grown as a green vegetable. Spinach vegetable is considered to be the most beneficial of all vegetables. The plant spinach first originated in Iran, and in India, it is grown in many states. Spinach is rich in iron. Due to this, it rapidly increases the amount of blood in the body. Generally, spinach vegetable is eaten throughout the year, but in the winter season, it is used in more quantity.
Soil, Climate and Temperature
The winter season is considered suitable for spinach cultivation, and its plants easily tolerate the frost falling in the winter season and develop well. To do this crop requires sandy loam soil. Its harvest should not be done in waterlogged land and the P.H. of the land. Its plants grow well at average temperature, and plants require 20 degrees temperature for germination. It can easily tolerate a maximum 30-degree temperature and a minimum 5-degree temperature. And for land preparation Mahindra 415 tractor model is excellent as it is performed efficiently in the farms.
To grow improved varieties of spinach and get a good yield, the field’s soil must be friable. For this, the old residue should be destroyed by the first deep ploughing of the area at the beginning. After ploughing, leave the field open for some time. Due to this, the soil of the field will get sunlight properly. Since the spinach crop is harvested multiple times, its plants require more fertiliser. Therefore, after ploughing the field, 15 to 17 carts of old cow dung manure should be given per hectare to provide sufficient fertiliser.
To mix the manure well in the soil, two to three slant ploughing should be done by applying a cultivator. To make the spinach field level, the land should be levelled by putting a foot in it. Due to this, there is no water logging problem in the field.
Method of Transplanting
Spinach seeds are planted throughout the year in all areas of India, but the months of September and November are considered suitable for its transplantation. During July, when there is a rainy season, its plants are overgrown. Planting spinach seeds can be done in many ways, first by transplanting and second by spraying.
The beds and bunds are prepared in the field for transplanting the seeds by the transplanting method. While preparing these rows, a distance of one foot must be kept between each row, and there must be a distance of 10 to 15 CM between the seeds planted in the row. Furthermore, its roots should be planted in the soil at two to three centimetres, so the seeds germinate well.
For the incredible growth of its plants, they require more irrigation because the soil is necessary for planting its seeds. Therefore, immediately after planting the seeds, they should be watered. But in the spraying method, its roots need dry land. Therefore, irrigation of spinach seeds should be done at an interval of 5 to 7 days in the beginning, due to which the seeds germinate well. They require irrigation twice a week in the summer and at an interval of 10 to 12 days in the winter. Apart from this, in the rainy season, give them water only when needed.
Spinach plants require more weed control. This is because weeds increase the risk of insect diseases in their plants. Thereby affecting its yield. The natural or chemical method can be used for weed control in spinach crops. To get control of weeds by a chemical process, a proper amount of Pentamethylene should be sprayed in the field immediately after sowing of seeds. Then, weeding plants is done to control weeds by natural method.
Harvesting & Yield
The first harvesting of spinach plants should be done 30 to 40 days after sowing the seeds. During this time, its plants get ready to produce. When the leaves of spinach have fully developed, they should be cut with a sharp weapon from a little above the ground. Spinach plants are harvested 5 to 7 times. For a better harvesting system, the Mahindra 555 tractor model is best. Because of its efficient working capabilities.
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